Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American singer, songwriter, and dancer. He is regarded as one of the most significant cultural figures of the 20th century. He popularized complicated dance moves such as the moonwalk, to which he gave the name, and the robot. His music videos, including those for "Beat It", "Billie Jean", and "Thriller" are credited with breaking racial barriers. In 2009, Jackson died from an overdose of propofol administered by his personal physician, Conrad Murray. In August 2009, the Los Angeles County Coroner ruled that Jackson's death was a homicide, and Murray was convicted of involuntary manslaug. In 2005, he was tried and acquitted of further child sexual abuse allegations and several other charges. In 2013, he pleaded guilty to charges related to the death of his father, Michael Jackson Sr., and was sentenced to life in prison. He was the eighth child of the Jackson family and the son of Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, and Marlon.
Michael Jackson is recognized as the Most Successful Entertainer of All Time by Guinness World Records. He is considered one of the most significant cultural icons of the 20th century. His music and videos fostered racial diversity in MTV's roster and steered its focus from rock to pop music and R&B. In the 1990s, as Jackson lost control of his "troubling life", his music suffered and began to shape "an arc not merely of promise fulfilled and outlived, but of something approaching tragedy" His music emphasized racial integration and environmentalism and protested injustice. His contributions to music, dance, and fashion, along with his publicized personal life, made him a global figure in popular culture for over four decades. He had an unparalleled worldwide influence over the younger generation. His influence extended beyond the music industry; he impacted dance, led fashion trends, and raised awareness for global affairs. His work from the 1970s to the early 1990s showed "immense originality, adaptability, and ambition" with "genius beats, hooks, arrangements, and vocals."